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Bench Mark Sheet for 8665101, COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER SC

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8665101                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/09/2004
Name:       COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER                     
            SC
NOAA Chart: 11524                           Latitude:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)
USGS Quad:  CHARLESTON                      Longitude:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


To reach the tidal bench marks from the intersection of U.S. Highway 26 and
State Highway 7, proceed SW on State Highway 7 (Sam Rittenberg Boulevard) for
1.3 km (0.8 mi) to the SW end of Cosgrove Bridge, just over the Ashley River. 
The bench marks are located near the bridge.  The tide gage and staff were
located at the end of the dock extending beneath the southern portion of the
bridge.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  5101 E 1976
                         DESIGNATION:          866 5101 E TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         4137
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:  CJ0481
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Copper clad steel rod                 OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)          LONGITUDE:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


The primary bench mark is a disk located on the west shoulder of State Highway 7
just past the SW end of the bridge, 101 m (333 ft) SSW of bench mark 5101 D
1976, 94.40 m (309.7 ft) south of the SW corner of the bridge, 7.19 m (23.6 ft)
west of the west edge of the highway pavement, and 1.65 m (5.4 ft) north of
SCE&G utility pole #160729.  The bench mark is set 6 cm (0.2 ft) below ground
level, crimped to the top of a copper-clad steel rod driven to refusal, and
encased in a PVC pipe and concrete kickblock.  NOTE: Mark not found in 1992 by
NGS.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8665101                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/09/2004
Name:       COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER                     
            SC
NOAA Chart: 11524                           Latitude:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)
USGS Quad:  CHARLESTON                      Longitude:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  5101 B 1976
                         DESIGNATION:          866 5101 B TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         4134
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:  CJ0478
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Bridge abutment                       OPUS PID#: CJ0478
LATITUDE:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)          LONGITUDE:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


The bench mark is a disk set flush in the SE bridge abutment, 2.62 m (8.6 ft)
north of the north side of the Memorial Bridge monument, and 1.13 m (3.7 ft) SE
of the east edge of State Highway 7 pavement.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  5101 C 1976
                         DESIGNATION:          866 5101 C TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         4135
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:  CJ0479
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Copper clad steel rod                 OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)          LONGITUDE:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


The bench mark is a disk located 53 m (174 ft) south of the SE bridge abutment,
7.80 m (25.6 ft) SE of the east edge of the highway pavement, 2.38 m (7.8 ft)
north of utility pole #160727, and 2.13 m (7.0 ft) north of a witness post.  The
bench mark is set 6 cm (0.2 ft) below ground level, crimped to the top of a
copper-clad steel rod driven to refusal, and encased in a 4-inch PVC pipe and
concrete kickblock.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8665101                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/09/2004
Name:       COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER                     
            SC
NOAA Chart: 11524                           Latitude:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)
USGS Quad:  CHARLESTON                      Longitude:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  5101 D 1976
                         DESIGNATION:          866 5101 D TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         4136
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:  CJ0480
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Bridge abutment                       OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)          LONGITUDE:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


The bench mark is a disk set flush in the NW corner of the southernmost bridge
support, 0.98 m (3.2 ft) north of the north side of the south bridge abutment
wall, 0.18 m (0.6 ft) south of the north side of the base support, and 0.18 m
(0.6 ft) east of the west side of the base support.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  5101 G 1983
                         DESIGNATION:          866 5101 G TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        17290
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:  CJ0482
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod                   OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   32° 49.8' N (  32.83000)          LONGITUDE:  79° 59.4' W ( -79.99000)


The bench mark is a disk located 4.26 km (2.65 mi) north along state highway 7
from the junction of state highway 61 in St. Andrews, 13.69 m (44.9 ft)
northwest of the centerline of the southbound lanes of the highway, 1.89 m (6.2
ft) northwest of utility pole number 92636, 0.6 m (2.0 ft) above highway level,
and 0.3 m (1.0 ft) southeast of a witness post.  The bench mark is recessed 9 cm
(0.3 ft) below the ground surface, crimped to the top of a stainless steel rod
driven 11.0 m (36 ft) to refusal, and encased in a 5-inch PVC pipe and concrete
kickblock.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8665101                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/09/2004
Name:       COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER                     
            SC
NOAA Chart: 11524                           Latitude:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)
USGS Quad:  CHARLESTON                      Longitude:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      7 MONTHS
     TIME PERIOD:           April 1976 - October 1976
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  8665530 CHARLESTON, COOPER RIVER ENTRANCE


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  1.864
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  1.759
     North American Vertical Datum              NAVD88 =  1.043
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.973
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  0.910
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.060
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     5101 E 1976                                 4.546    2.787
     5101 B 1976                                 7.718    5.959
     5101 C 1976                                 5.015    3.256
     5101 D 1976                                 5.079    3.320
     5101 G 1983                                 5.206    3.447


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  5

                                                                                
Station ID: 8665101                         PUBLICATION DATE:  03/09/2004
Name:       COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER                     
            SC
NOAA Chart: 11524                           Latitude:   32° 50.1' N (  32.83500)
USGS Quad:  CHARLESTON                      Longitude:  79° 59.2' W ( -79.98670)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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Products available at 8665101 COSGROVE BRIDGE, ASHLEY RIVER, SC

Revised: 08/08/2018
NOAA / National Ocean Service
Web site owner: Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services