Bench Mark Sheet for 8658163, Wrightsville Beach NC

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


To reach the tidal bench marks from the intersection of 17 south and 74 East in
Wilmington, proceed east on 74 east for 8.0 km (5.0 mi) toward Wrightsville
Beach, once over the drawbridge bear left on 74E to the intersection of Lumina
Avenue and East Salisbury Street, continue through the light to the end of the
street to Johnny Mercers Fishing Pier. The bench marks are located on East
Salisbury Street and extend down N. Lumina Ave. The tide gauge is located on the
offshore end of the pier.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:  8163 A 2004
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 A

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        17624
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Stainless steel rod in sleeve         OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.9' N (  34.21439)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.3' W ( -77.78914)


The primary bench mark is a disk located at the east end of East Salisbury
Street in the sand on the south side of the walkway to Johnny Mercers Fishing
Pier, 16.74 m (54.9 ft) NE of the NW corner of the public restrooms, 3.95 m
(13.0 ft) SE of the south rail of the walkway, 2.86 m (9.4 ft) east of a NOAA
witness post, and 2.70 m (8.9 ft) east of the southern leg of the sign for the
Johnny Mercers Fishing Pier. The bench mark is set 0.3 m (1 ft) below the sand,
crimped to the top of a stainless steel rod driven 21.6 m (71 ft) to refusal,
encased in a 1.0 m (3.2 ft) grease sleeve with aluminum access cover and
concrete kickblock.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  8163 B 2004
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 B

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        17625
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete pier deck                    OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78653)


The benchmark is a disk set flush in the concrete deck of the Johnny Mercer
Fishing Pier, near the offshore end of the pier, 18.6 m (61.0 ft) NNW of the
south end of the pier, 7.79 m (25.6 ft) west of the east side of the pier, and
7.76 m (25.5 ft) east of the west side of the pier.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  8163 C 2004
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 C

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        17626
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service (NOS)          IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete pier deck                    OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21392)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.3' W ( -77.78772)


The benchmark is a disk set flush in the concrete deck of the Johnny Mercer
Fishing Pier, near the center of the pier, approximately 96.41 m (316.3 ft)
south of the south side of the pier house, 12.48 m (40.9 ft) SSE of the 5th
light pole south of the pier house, 5.65 m (18.54 ft) NNW of the 6th light pole
south of the pier house, and 3.22 (10.6 ft) NE of the SW side of the pier.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  C 163 1963
                         DESIGNATION:          C 163

MONUMENTATION:           Bench Mark disk                       VM#:        17628
AGENCY:                  National Geodetic Survey (NGS)        IDB PID#:  EA0631
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Copper clad steel rod                 OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.7' N (  34.21111)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.6' W ( -77.79361)


The bench mark is a disk crimped to the top of a copper coated steel rod located
at the junction of North Lumina Avenue and Raleigh Street, 12.37 m (40.6 ft) NW
of the NW corner of a frame house, 6.86 m (22.5 ft) SE of the centerline of
Lumina Avenue, 6.71 m (22.0 ft) SW of the centerline of Raleigh Street, 0.31 m
(1.0 ft) SW of a power line pole with two transformers, and projecting 2 inches
above the level of the ground and protected by a 3 inch tile which projects 3
inches above the level of the ground, and driven to a depth of 14.6 m (48 ft) to
refusal.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  D 163 1963
                         DESIGNATION:          D 163

MONUMENTATION:           Bench Mark disk                       VM#:        17629
AGENCY:                  National Geodetic Survey (NGS)        IDB PID#:  EA0630
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Copper clad steel rod                 OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.6' N (  34.21056)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.7' W ( -77.79417)


The benchmark is a disk crimped to the top of a copper coated steel rod located
at the junction of North Lumina Avenue and Charlotte Street, 19.51 m (64.0 ft)
SE of the east corner of a house at NO. 207, 7.93 m (26.02 ft) SW of the
centerline of the street, 7.10 m (23.29 ft) NW of the center line of the avenue,
 0.24 m (0.8 ft) NE of a board fence, and 0.24 m (0.8 ft) SW of a power line
pole, projecting 4 inches above the level of the ground and protected by a
3-inch tile which projects 4 inches above the level of the ground, and driven to
a depth of 15.8 m (52 ft) to refusal.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  PIER NO 2 1962
                         DESIGNATION:          PIER RM 2

MONUMENTATION:           Reference Mark disk                   VM#:        17630
AGENCY:                  National Geodetic Survey (NGS)        IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete median                       OPUS PID#: EA3650
LATITUDE:   34° 12.9' N (  34.21453)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.4' W ( -77.78981)


The benchmark is a disk set flush in a concrete monument in the center of a
concrete median strip, 22.71 m (74.5 ft) south of a fire hydrant, 21.15 m (69.4
ft) east of a light pole number ABD72Q, and 8.51 m (27.9 ft) NNE of the
centerline of the south lane of the street.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NO 3 1923
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 TIDAL 3

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:        18217
AGENCY:                  US Coast and Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                              IDB PID#:  EA0629
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete monument                     OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.6' N (  34.21000)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.7' W ( -77.79444)


The bench mark is a disk set in the top of a concrete monument, flush with the
ground, and above the level of the avenue, NNE of the intersection of Atlanta
Street and North Lumina Avenue, 8.23 m (27.0 ft) SE of the centerline of North
Lumina Avenue, 5.03 m (16.5 ft) east of a power line pole, 4.57 m (15.0 ft) west
of the west corner of house No. 204, and 4.27 m (14.0 ft) north of the north
corner of house No. 202.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  6 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NCGS 10 1994
                         DESIGNATION:          NCGS 10

MONUMENTATION:           Cap-and-Bolt                          VM#:        18219
AGENCY:                  US Army Corps of Engineers (USE)      IDB PID#:  DG8630
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Beach sand dunes                      OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.5' N (  34.20778)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.6' W ( -77.79389)


The bench mark is a disk set in the sand dunes of the beach recessed about 18 cm
(0.6 ft) below the ground, at the east end of Oceanic Avenue, 25.40 m (83.3 ft)
east of the SE corner of apartment building No. 24, 24.20 m (79.4 ft) SE of the
NE corner of the apartment building, 22.0 m (72.2 ft) SSE of the centerline of
the east end of Oceanic Avenue, and 0.3 m (1 ft) north of a witness post.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  NO 7 1974
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 TIDAL 7

MONUMENTATION:           Traverse Station disk                 VM#:        18998
AGENCY:                  NOS                                   IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  sidewalk                              OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.6' N (  34.21028)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.7' W ( -77.79472)


The bench mark is located at Wrightsville Beach along North Lumina avenue near
the intersection of North Lumina Avenue and East Atlanta Street, set flush in
the sidewalk 25.5 ft (7.8 m) south of the centerline of East Atlanta Street,
22.6 ft (6.9 m) west of the NW corner of a porch of a house at 106 North Lumina
Avenue, and 21.6 ft (6.6 m) east of North Lumina Avenue.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  7 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  8163 E 2017
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 E

MONUMENTATION:           Bench Mark disk                       VM#:        22622
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service                IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:                                        OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 13.0' N (  34.21619)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.6' W ( -77.79325)


The bench mark is a brass disk set in the SE corner of bridge abutment along w.
Salisbury St. This is the first bridge you cross when leaving Johnny Mercers
fishing pier.  The bench mark is 18.3 m (60 ft ) west of a fire hydrant number
015, 12.4 m (40.7 ft ) NE of residential concrete retaining wall, 7.0 m (23 ft )
SW of the centerline of Salisbury St, and 0.4 m (1.2 ft ) SSE of NNW face of
retaining wall.



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  8163 F 2017
                         DESIGNATION:          865 8163 F

MONUMENTATION:           Bench Mark disk                       VM#:        22623
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Service                IDB PID:         
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Light pole foundation                 OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   34° 12.9' N (  34.21514)          LONGITUDE:  77° 47.4' W ( -77.79078)


The bench mark is a disk set in the foundation of light pole at intersection of
N. Lumina Avenue and W. Salisbury, 12.0 m (39.3 ft ) north of the center median
of W. Salisbury, 10.4 m (34 ft) west of the centerline of N. Lumina and 5.2 m
(17.2 ft ) south of power pole number 1CCH58.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  8 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      9 YEARS
     TIME PERIOD:           10/04-9/08, 9/09-8/11, 6/12-5/13, 10/13-9/15
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  8656483 BEAUFORT, DUKE MARINE LAB


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     HIGHEST OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (09/14/2018)         =  2.601
     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  1.366
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  1.261
     North American Vertical Datum              NAVD88 =  0.827
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  0.658
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  0.655
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.048
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000
     LOWEST  OBSERVED WATER LEVEL (01/08/2009)         = -0.806

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     8163 A 2004                                 4.262    3.001
     8163 B 2004                                 8.119    6.858
     8163 C 2004                                 8.153    6.892
     C 163 1963                                  3.056    1.795
     D 163 1963                                  2.605    1.344
     PIER NO 2 1962                              2.812    1.551
     NO 3 1923                                   2.353    1.092
     NCGS 10 1994                                4.599    3.338
     NO 7 1974                                   2.205    0.944
     8163 E 2017                                 3.660    2.399
     8163 F 2017                                 2.532    1.271


                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  9 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


Foot Notes:

Bench marks 8163 E 2017 and 8163 F 2017 are based on one differential leveling
connection and do not meet the quality control standards of the NOS. Therefore,
caution should be used when deriving elevations for these marks.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page 10 of 10

                                                                                
Station ID: 8658163                         PUBLICATION DATE:  12/19/2018
Name:       WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH                                
            NC
NOAA Chart: 11539                           Latitude:   34° 12.8' N (  34.21331)
USGS Quad:  WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH              Longitude:  77° 47.2' W ( -77.78669)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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