Bench Mark Sheet for 8417997, CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY ME

Superseded Epoch

Large map location marker Station Location
Small red map location marker Published bench mark
Small blue map location marker Unpublished bench mark

Bench mark positions only appear on the map if their coordinates in the CO-OPS database are at the precision of degrees/minutes/seconds/and tenths of seconds. If the coordinates are less precise, the mark will not appear.

Printable version

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
Datums Page                                                        Page  1 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


To reach the tidal bench marks from South Portland, Maine via boat, proceed east
to Cushing Island, in the SW section of Casco Bay.  The bench marks are located
on the north side of the island near the old Army pier.  The tide gage and staff
were located on the NE side of the pier.


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S
                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  2 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                 PRIMARY BENCH MARK STAMPING:   
                         DESIGNATION:          TIDAL 1 STA 83
                         ALIAS:                1

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         1920
AGENCY:                  U.S Department of Defense (DOD)       IDB PID#:  OC0216
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete abutment                     OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)          LONGITUDE:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


The bench mark is a disk set flush in the top of concrete abutment at the NE end
of the pier, 3.7 m (12.0 ft) NE of the centerline of the pier, and 1.1 m (3.7
ft) NE of the SW end of the concrete abutment.  (Note:  Benchmark historically
known as 1)

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  3 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:   
                         DESIGNATION:          TIDAL 2 STA 83
                         ALIAS:                2

MONUMENTATION:           Rivet                                 VM#:         1921
AGENCY:                  US Coast & Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                                 IDB PID#:  OC0215
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete manhole                      OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)          LONGITUDE:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


The bench mark is a monel rivet set flush in top of a concrete manhole, 27.4 m
(90 ft) NE of the east concrete abutment of the pier, 13.1 m (43 ft) SE of the
centerline of the road leading to the post office, 5.4 m (17.8 ft) SE of the
seawall, 0.4 m (1.3 ft) north of the SE corner of the manhole, and set 0.3 m (1
ft) above ground level.  (Note:  Benchmark historically known as 2)

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  4 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:   
                         DESIGNATION:          TIDAL 3 STA 83
                         ALIAS:                3

MONUMENTATION:           Rivet                                 VM#:         1922
AGENCY:                  US Coast & Geodetic Survey
                         (USC&GS)                                 IDB PID#:  OC0217
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete manhole                      OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)          LONGITUDE:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


The bench mark is a monel rivet set flush in top of a concrete manhole on the
north side of the brick mule barn located NW of the pier, 26.7 m (87.5 ft) NW of
the NW end of the pier, 8.3 m (27.3 ft) SW of the centerline of the road leading
to the pier, 1.2 m (4.1 ft) SW of the north wall of the building, and set 0.2 m
(0.5 ft) above ground level.  (Note:  Benchmark historically known as 3)



                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  841 7997 D 1979
                         DESIGNATION:          841 7997 D TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         1923
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Concrete sea wall                     OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)          LONGITUDE:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


The bench mark is set flush in the top of a seawall north of the end of the
pier, 40.6 feet (12.4 m) NW of the Bench Mark 2, (a monel rivet), 25.3 feet (7.7
m) SE of the centerline of the paved road, 12.3 feet (3.8 m) NW of the shore
line, and 6.8 feet (2.1 m) west of a 1 ft square block of granite located in the
sea wall.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  5 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                         T I D A L   B E N C H   M A R K S


                         BENCH MARK STAMPING:  841 7997 E 1979
                         DESIGNATION:          841 7997 E TIDAL

MONUMENTATION:           Tidal Station disk                    VM#:         1924
AGENCY:                  National Ocean Survey (NOS)           IDB PID#:        
SETTING CLASSIFICATION:  Cconcrete step                        OPUS PID:        
LATITUDE:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)          LONGITUDE:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


The bench mark is set flush in the second step of a cement staircase leading to
a red wood house on the north side of the paved road, leading to the pier, 12.3
feet (3.8 m) NW of the centerline of the paved road, 5.3 feet (1.6 m) SE of the
south corner of the red brick house support structure, and 0.8 foot (0.2 m) east
of the corner of the second stair.

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  6 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                            T I D A L   D A T U M S 


Tidal datums at CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY based on:

     LENGTH OF SERIES:      1 MONTH
     TIME PERIOD:           September 1979 - September 1979
     TIDAL EPOCH:           1983-2001
     CONTROL TIDE STATION:  8418150 PORTLAND, CASCO BAY


Elevations of tidal datums referred to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW), in METERS:

     MEAN HIGHER HIGH WATER                     MHHW   =  2.988
     MEAN HIGH WATER                            MHW    =  2.858
     MEAN SEA LEVEL                             MSL    =  1.493
     MEAN TIDE LEVEL                            MTL    =  1.483
     North American Vertical Datum              NAVD88 =  1.403
     MEAN LOW WATER                             MLW    =  0.108
     MEAN LOWER LOW WATER                       MLLW   =  0.000

North American Vertical Datum (NAVD88)

Bench Mark Elevation Information                In METERS above:

     Stamping or Designation                    MLLW        MHW

     TIDAL 1 STA 83                              5.019    2.161
     TIDAL 2 STA 83                              3.894    1.036
     TIDAL 3 STA 83                              6.054    3.196
     841 7997 D 1979                             5.330    2.472
     841 7997 E 1979                             7.583    4.725


Foot Notes:

 

                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                            National Ocean Service
                                                                   Page  7 of  7

                                                                                
Station ID: 8417997                         PUBLICATION DATE:  05/20/2004
Name:       CUSHING ISLAND, CASCO BAY                         
            ME
NOAA Chart: 13290                           Latitude:   43° 38.7' N (  43.64500)
USGS Quad:  PORTLAND EAST                   Longitude:  70° 11.9' W ( -70.19830)


                             D E F I N I T I O N S


Mean Sea Level (MSL) is a tidal datum determined over a 19-year National Tidal
Datum Epoch.  It pertains to local mean sea level and should not be confused
with the fixed datums of North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88).

NAVD88 is a fixed datum derived from a simultaneous, least squares, minimum
constraint adjustment of Canadian/Mexican/United States leveling observations.
Local mean sea level observed at Father Point/Rimouski, Canada was held fixed as
the single initial constraint.  NAVD88 replaces NGVD29 as the national
standard geodetic reference for heights.  Bench mark elevations relative to
NAVD88 are available from NGS through the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NGVD29 is a fixed datum adopted as a national standard geodetic reference for
heights but is now considered superseded.  NGVD29 is sometimes referred to as
Sea Level Datum of 1929 or as Mean Sea Level on some early issues of Geological
Survey Topographic Quads.  NGVD29 was originally derived from a general
adjustment of the first-order leveling networks of the U.S. and Canada after
holding mean sea level observed at 26 long term tide stations as fixed.
Numerous local and wide-spread adjustments have been made since establishment in
1929.  Bench mark elevations relative to NGVD29 are available from the National
Geodetic Survey (NGS) data base via the World Wide Web at 
National Geodetic Survey.

NAVD88 and NGVD29 are fixed geodetic datums whose elevation relationships to
local MSL and other tidal datums may not be consistent from one location to
another.

The Vertical Mark Number (VM#) and PID# shown on the bench mark sheet are unique
identifiers for bench marks in the tidal and geodetic databases, respectively.
Each bench mark in either database has a single, unique VM# and/or PID# assigned.
Where both VM# and PID# are indicated, both tidal and geodetic elevations are
available for the bench mark listed. The NGS's Integrated Data Base (IDB PID)
provides geodetic datum based on traditionally leveled and bluebooked ties to
the National Spatial Reference System(NSRS) https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/datasheets/.
The NGS Online Positioning User Service (OPUS PID) provides geodetic datum based
on GPS position & tie it to the NSRS https://www.ngs.noaa.gov/OPUS/.

The NAVD88 elevation is shown on the Elevations of Tidal Datums Table Referred
to MLLW only when two or more of the bench marks listed have NAVD88 elevations.
The NAVD88 elevation relationship shown in the table is derived from an average
of several bench mark elevations relative to tide station datum.  As a result of
this averaging, NAVD88 bench mark elevations computed indirectly from the tidal
datums elevation table may differ slightly from NAVD88 elevations listed for
each bench mark in the NGS database.

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